- Never use very hot water for washing stained garments as this often sets the stains and makes them very difficult or impossible to remove.
- Some stains are more easily removed by washing if they are soaked first in cold water, e.g. mud and blood stains, and the brown stain from shoe inner soles.
- The use of chemicals is required for removing certain stains. Carry out this treatment before washing. Remove all traces of the chemical.
- To apply a stain removing agent to fabric, place a fold of clean rag underneath the stain so that any surplus moisture is absorbed.
- To prevent a ring forming around the stain, work from the outside of the stain, in an uneven circular shape, towards the centre, dabbing it very lightly with a pad of clean rag which has been dipped in the removal agent.
|STAIN REMOVAL CHART|
|BLOOD||Soak in cold salted water (1 teaspoonful to 1 pint) for at least an hour. Wash in warm soapy water.|
|COCOA/COFFEE/FRUIT JUICE||Sponge with a warm solution of borax and water. |
Rinse well and wash according to fabric.
|COD-LIVER OIL||Use a grease solvent and wash in soapy water.|
|EGG: WHITE||Soak in cold water, then treat with lukewarm salt solution (1 teaspoon to 1 pint)|
|EGG: YOLK||Wash according to fabric and remove the greasy mark with a grease solvent.|
|GRASS||Dab with surgical methylated spirit over an absorbent pad. Wash according to fabric. |
TEST RAYON BEFORE TREATMENT.
|GREASE||(1) Use a grease solvent, i.e. benzene or carbon tetrachloride. |
(2) A surface grease may be removed by putting the fabric between blotting paper and pressing with a hot iron.
|INK (BALL-POINT)||Dab with methylated spirit over an absorbent pad. Wash according to fabric.|
|INK (WRITING)||Wash at once. On white fabric, steep in milk, on any other colour fabric cover the stain with tomato juice. Wash again.|
|IRON RUST||Soak stain in lemon juice. Rinse and wash.|
|LIPSTICK||Wash in warm soapy water. Apply grease solvent, if necessary.|
|MILK||Wash in warm soapy water, rinse well. Then treat with a grease solvent.|
|MUD||Allow to dry. Brush. Soak in cold water. Wash according to fabric.|
|NAIL VARNISH||Rub gently with acetone (not suitable for rayon).|
|PERSPIRATION||Sponge with a weak vinegar solution. Wash according to fabric.|
|PAINT||Rub with turpentine.|
|SCORCH||Slight scorch marks may be treated with a solution of borax and water. Rinse and wash according to fabric.|
|SHOE POLISH||Sponge with turpentine and wash according to fabric. If any colour remains sponge with methylated spirit and wash again. |
TEST RAYON BEFORE TREATMENT.
|TAR||Scrape off as much as possible and then treat with a grease solvent. Wash according to fabric.|
|TEA||Rinse immediately with cold water and wash according to fabric. |
For dried stain, damp with cold water and sprinkle with borax. Pour hot water through the stain. Rinse well and wash according to fabric.
|TRANSFER||Steep in surgical methylated spirit.|
Try a commerical dry-cleaning agent. Wash after treatment if possible.
From University of New South Wales